Posted by jeremy on March 13, 2011 9:52 pm.
Mind control technology and techniques have been of interest to governments since World War II, and possibly earlier. There are tantalizing hints of amazing advances in this field, going back more than three decades, but there’s been little discussion about what might be happening since the late 1970’s, when research on non-consenting subjects was allegedly halted.
Delgado’s brain chips
The interesting fact was that the patient considered the [activity resulting from mind control] spontaneous and always offered a reasonable explanation for it.
In the mid-twentieth century, Dr. Jose Delgado was preforming brain experiments more dramatic in some respects than anything being admitted to in the present day.1 His research bore some spectacular fruits, duly reported on by The New York Times 45 years ago:
Afternoon sunlight poured over the high wooden barriers into the ring, as the brave bull bore down on the unarmed “matador” – a scientist who had never before faced a fighting bull. But the charging animals horns never reached the man behind the red cape. Moments before that could happen, Dr Jose Delgado, the scientist, pressed a button on a small radio transmitter in his hand and the bull braked to a halt. Then he pressed another button on the transmitter, and the bull obediently turned to the right and trotted away.
The bull was obeying commands in his brain that were being called forth by electrical stimulation – by the radio signals – of certain regions in which the fine wires had been painlessly implanted the day before.
The experiment, conducted last year in Cordova, Spain, by Dr Delgado of Yale University’s School of Medicine, was probably the most spectacular demonstration ever performed of the deliberate modification of animal behaviour through external control of the brain. He has been working in this field for more than 15 years…
…he has been able to “play” monkeys and cats like little electronic toys that yawn, hide, fight, play, mate and go to sleep on command. With such techniques, Dr Delgado has shown [that] monkeys and cats can be triggered into sequential behaviour in which one might open its mouth, turn around, walk to a corner, climb a wall, jump down and return to “start,” repeating those movements in the same order every time they are stimulated…2
Remember, this is 45 years ago.
One significant finding that came out of Delgado’s research was how readily subjects’ conscious minds collaborated with external electrical impulses, fooling them into believing their actions - actually the result of electronic mind control - were of their own volition. For example, of a patient who was stimulated to move his head from side to side, Delgado wrote:
The interesting fact was that the patient considered the evoked activity spontaneous and always offered a reasonable explanation for it. [emphasis added] When asked, “What are you doing?” the answers were, “I am looking for my slippers,” “I heard a noise,” “I am restless,” and “I was looking under the bed.”…3
MKULTRA and BLUEBIRD/ARTICHOKE
In the period immediately following the second World War, the United States recruited Nazi scientists, some of whom specialized in torture and brainwashing.4 Less than five years later, various U.S. government agencies initiated several mind control experiments, including:
- Project MKULTRA, approved in 19535;
- An initially independent project, BLUEBIRD (later renamed to Project ARTICHOKE), regarding the study of hypnosis as a possible tool to “get control of an individual to the point where he will do our bidding against his will and even against fundamental laws of nature, such as self-preservation…”6,7,8,9.
MKULTRA and its sub-projects studied the use of drugs and other substances, and physical methods, to: “promote illogical thinking and impulsiveness to the point where the recipient would be discredited in public”; “produce the signs and symptoms of recognized diseases in a reversible way so that they may be used for malingering”; “produce amnesia for events”; “lower[ing] the ambition and general working efficiency of men”; and other objectives.10
In 1973, CIA Director Richard Helms ordered all MKULTRA files destroyed. Roughly 20,000 documents survived this order due to being incorrectly filed, but most were destroyed, making a complete investigation of MKULTRA impossible. The documents which survived Helms’ order were discovered in a FOIA request, and were the subject of Senate hearings in 1977.11
Over the course of 11 years, MKULTRA contracted out work to 80 institutions, which included 44 colleges or universities, 15 research facilities or private companies, 12 hospitals or clinics, and 3 penal institutions.12
Some of these institutions:
- Universities: University of California at Berkeley13; City College of New York14; Mt. Sinai Hospital NY (Dr. Harold Abramson)15; Columbia University NY15, University of Illinois Medical School (Carl Pfeiffer)15; University of Rochester NY (Harold Hodge)15; University of Oklahoma (Dr. Louis Jolyon-West)15; Harvard University (Henry Beecher)16; University of Maryland Medical School16; Baylor University (Neil Burch)16; University of Washington (James Dille)16; University of Wisconsin (Frank Olson)17; University of Delaware18; University of Nijmegen, Netherlands19; Allan Memorial Institute - McGill U., Montreal20; University of London21; University of Minnesota (Alden Sears)22; University of Houston TX23; Emory University24.
- Research foundations and chemical/pharmaceutical companies: Sandoz, Swiss pharmaceutical firm, source for CIA LSD and for Prozac25; New York State Psychiatric Institute (Paul Hoch and James Cattell)16; Rockefeller Foundation26; National Institutes of Health, Washington DC27; Society for the Investigation of Human Ecology28.
- Hospitals: Boston Psychopathic Hospital (Dr. Robert Hyde)15; NIMH-sponsored Addiction Research Center, Lexington KY15; Josia Macy, Jr. Foundation15; Geschickter Fund for Medical Research, Washington DC15; Missouri Institute of Psychiatry16; Massachusetts General Hospital16; Veterans Administration Hospital, Palo Alto CA29; Ionia State Hospital, MI30.
- Prisons: California [Prison] Medical Facility, Vacaville31; Bordentown NJ Reformatory32.
Colin Ross, a psychiatrist, wrote a book based on the MKULTRA documents. He asserted the documents showed conclusively that psychiatrists associated with MKULTRA were using traumatic events to create multiple personalities in test subjects.33
Since 1977, there’s been dead silence.
You may have been led to believe everything related to Project MKULTRA (and other secret mind control projects) was resolved, but few victims were ever recognized by the court system, and compensation was settled privately. No person involved with nonconsensual experimentation on human beings in Project MKULTRA was ever convicted of a crime.
Is there any reason to think governments have lost all interest in mind control techniques and technology; that all the people involved with these projects simply closed up shop after the 1970’s?
What’s really been happening?
- ^ John Horgan (October, 2005). "The Forgotten Era of Brain Chips"; Scientific American 293 (4): 66–73. doi:10.1038/scientificamerican1005-66. (local copy of entire article)
- ^ “‘Matador’ with a Radio Stops Wired Bull Modified Behaviour in Animals the Subject of Brain Study”; May 17, 1965, New York Times. Available online at http://wireheading.com/matador.html (checked 3/13/2011).
- ^ Jos Manuel Rodrguez Delgado (1971). Physical control of the mind: Toward a psychocivilized society, Harper & Row; p. 116.
- ^ Walker, Andrew (2005-11-21). "Project Paperclip: Dark Side of the Moon"; BBC News.
- ^ Church Committee, p. 390
- ^ Estabrooks, G.H. Hypnosis comes of age. Science Digest, 44-50, April 1971.
- ^ Gillmor, D. I Swear By Apollo. Dr. Ewen Cameron and the CIA-Brainwashing Experiments. Montreal: Eden press, 1987.
- ^ Scheflin, A.W., & Opton, E.M. The Mind manipulators. New York: Paddington Press, 1978.
- ^ Thomas, G. Journey into Madness. The Secret Story of Secret CIA Mind Control and Medical Abuse. New York: Bantam, 1989 (paperback 1990).
- ^ "Senate MKULTRA Hearing: Appendix C--Documents Referring to Subprojects", p. 167 (in PDF). Senate Select Committee on Intelligence and Committee on Human Resources. August 3, 1977.
- ^ "Project MKULTRA, the CIA's Program of Research into Behavioral Modification. Joint Hearing before the Select Committee on Intelligence and the Subcommittee on Health and Scientific Research of the Committee on Human Resources, United State Senate, Ninety-Fifth Congress, First Session". U.S. Government Printing Office (copy hosted at the New York Times website). August 8, 1977. (local copy)
- ^ John Marks, "The Search for the Manchurian Candidate: The CIA and Mind Control"; Times Books, 1979. p. 211.
- ^ Ibid, p. 19
- ^ Ibid, p. 60
- ^ a b c d e f g h i Ibid, p. 63
- ^ a b c d e f g Ibid, p. 72
- ^ Ibid, p. 83
- ^ Ibid, p. 118
- ^ Ibid, p. 164
- ^ Ibid, p. 142
- ^ Ibid, p. 170
- ^ Ibid, p. 199
- ^ Ibid, p. 212
- ^ Ibid, p. 215
- ^ Ibid, p. 58
- ^ Ibid, p. 141
- ^ Ibid, p. 151
- ^ Ibid, p. 159
- ^ Ibid, p. 129
- ^ Ibid, p. 165
- ^ Ibid, p. 215
- ^ Ibid, p. 216
- ^ Colin Ross: Bluebird: Deliberate Creation of Multiple Personality by Psychiatrists (Manitou Communications, December 6, 2000)
(Research credit: the list of institutions involved in MKULTRA was taken from Eleanor White’s review of John Marks’ book.)